Teaching Tools

Microphones Types and the Basics of Recording Sound

Microphones Types and the Basics of Recording Sound

Posted by: San Francisco Film Society

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A basic understanding of the functionality of different kinds of microphones will dramatically improve the quality of students’ final films. It is a good idea to familiarize yourself with the pickup patterns and best practices for the audio equipment in your kit, and then communicate that information to your students.

Read this article for an overview of the various types of microphones commonly used in film projects. 

Read these basic instructions for working with lavalier and shotgun microphones.

Read this article on the shapes of the area that different kinds of microphones are able to record.

Watch this video tutorial on best practices for audio recording.

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